Global Center for Advanced Studies blog
Originally posted on GCAS--The BLOG:
Calling a bluff is always satisfying especially if you know it’s a bluff. A bluff is “an attempt to deceive someone (or a group) into believing that one can or is going to do something.” To call someone’s bluff is to expose their deception.
People who grew up in a sustained context in which hardships were a perennial part of daily life develop an idiosyncratic creativity and a fighting spirit. Observing parents or guardians just trying to “make ends meet” to put food on the table, to constantly pay the rent and bills just to stay off the streets teaches one the basic truth of social reality. Life is exceedingly difficult with each day bringing new and basic challenges to stay just above water.
This segment of the population is the most populous in American society according to Dennis Gilbert & Joseph Kahl (The American Class Structure). They…
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