#177 in the Moʻolelo series, this is the text of the video I made on January 17th, 2021.
- It wasnʻt a coup dʻetat, it was a coup dʻmein – a coup dʻetat is an internal revolution, done without the intervention of an outside state. A coup dʻmein is an overthrow with the aid of the military of an outside state. The insurgents who called themselves the provisional government were not willing to overthrow Queen Liliʻuokalani without requesting the aid of Commander Wilkes of the USS Boston, in other words, not willing to carry out a coup dʻetat.
- The overthrow was botched – Historian Ronald Williams brought to the attention of many a note from US Minister John L. Stevens to Sanford Dole suggesting that he not proclaim a Provisional Government until they had possession of the Police Department. The note came too late. If you watch the film Act of War, it says: “they proclaimed a Provisional Government … the Queen still had possession of the Police station and the barracks…” Thus, those making up the so-called Provisional Government did not overthrow Liliʻu, she merely surrendered her authority voluntarily under threat of an actual overthrow by the US military.
- The Provisional Government wasnʻt a government – Iʻve mentioned several times on the umiverse that President Cleveland was still calling Liliʻuokalani the Queen as late as December, 1893, 11 months after the overthrow. He also called the Provisional Government “self-proclaimed,” meaning that they had no legal authority whatsoever, and that it “owed its existence to an armed invasion.” Having legal authority, that is being legitimate and not self-proclaimed, is a crucial aspect of governments, without which they are considered mere usurpers. This also casts doubt on the governements that are successors to the Provisional Government., beginning, but not ending with the Republic of Hawaiʻi.
- The consent of the governed was an absolutely accepted principle of government in the 1890s. The 1897 Kūʻē petitions demonstrate beyond a doubt the lack of such consent and absolutely undermine the authority of the post-Kingdom governments.